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Old Posted Dec 18, 2012, 4:29 AM
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Thumbs up Large Bath Industrial District Thread

Bath Industrial District

This is the often over-looked Bath Industrial District of downtown Winston-Salem. Also known as the downtown research & technology park. This neighborhood has a very interesting history and is on the National Register of Historic Places. When Winston-Salem was North Carolina's largest city and The City of Industry, this was the center of that industry. Once over 300 buildings large, most of the state's tax revenue came from this one neighborhood. This was also the state's major port. An International Rail Port, created by an act of congress and among the top ports in the nation. This was also the biggest money-making stop on Southern Railway's system. Today, it's all tech companies, research institutes, military biomedical labs, biotech facilities, university labs, design centers, condos, artists, parks, and apartments. It is one of the first LEED-ND certified green neighborhoods in the nation. All of the construction you see in this neighborhood meets the highest standards for environmental responsibility. Some people say this rapidly changing neighborhood is what they love most about Winston-Salem and others don't like how industrial it is. I'll let you decide, as we spend a cold Sunday afternoon exploring the downtown neighborhood along the city's Bath Waterway. Enjoy!

Headquarters for the Armed Forces Institute for Regenerative Medicine and companies working with them.

Winston-Salem is the world's leading center for Regenerative Medicine. What is that, you may ask? They grow body parts in jars. Seriously. Their work is featured frequently on national TV news shows and magazines.

Prince Albert Building, built in 1915, on the left. The upper floors are 18 condos and the lower floors are biotech labs.

The building was named for the product once made there. It was Prince Albert, sold in cans. The product was so popular, the train hauling it was named the Prince Albert Special. Do you have Prince Albert in a Can? If so, you better let him out!

A former grocery distribution warehouse being gutted for adaptive reuse.

Trains would unload to docks along the west side and trucks would load the groceries in the recessed area of this building (above). The building is currently being gutted for adaptive reuse and is located in an area the developers have agreed to use as a central entertainment district within the neighborhood.

Across the street from the power plant.

Clothing Store and Tattoo Shop

Centennial Trading Company sells North Carolina made clothing for men. Yes, the clothes are designed and made in North Carolina.

This building had renderings in the window, but I didn't photograph them.

Bailey Green Park Rendering Source

Bailey Green Park
Bailey Green Park will have fountains, trees and other landscaping, as part of the power plant project. Until then, it's a temporary movie area, where movies in the park are shown. Originally, the power plant covered almost all of this block with pipes, wires, electrical masts and concrete and metal buildings. All of this was cleaned-out a few months ago.

If you look closely, you'll notice the sidewalk has openings around the power poles. You'll also notice areas to plant trees and new streetlights and metal poles for the traffic signals. They have spent a considerable amount of money to bury all of the utilities in this entire neighborhood. They are also rebuilding the streets and sidewalks! It's a slow process, but the ugly poles and their power lines will be removed very soon.

Several new companies are moving into buildings in this district. They include CeeLite (a new nanotech lighting technology developed in this neighborhood) which is expected to create 1,000 or more new high-tech jobs and the headquarters for AlphaSyx (drug development company).

Did you know: Nearly 50 biotech companies are headquartered in this neighborhood.

Around 2003, I visited Winston-Salem with a good friend. We drove the long trip up here. He was taking an art class at West Henderson and loved to photograph store windows. It seems I'm now photographing them as well. I don't know if it's boring or not, but he always found interesting subjects in store windows for his class.

Did you know: This Winston-Salem neighborhood is where field-induced polymer electroluminescent lighting was invented. FIPEL technology is expected to replace the light bulbs you currently use in your home and could enter the market next summer. New York Times Magazine listed it as one of the top of 32 “innovations that will change your tomorrow."

Winston-Salem is located in the Yadkin River Valley, which is North Carolina's major wine growing region. This is the southeast's wine country.

It's closed on Sunday, so no Yadkin River t-shirts or coffee mugs for me or Lauren. The Bath Waterway downtown actually flows into the Yadkin, so no polluting.

The camel is the unofficial symbol of this neighborhood.

First and second year classes for the Bowman Gray University School of Medicine could move into the building with glass block windows.

Bailey Green Park & Inmar Headquarters Construction

This concrete wall (above) is all that remains of a 1970s bank building developers demolished a few months ago for Bailey Green Park.

The cobblestones (actually Belgian Blocks or setts) are the original street pavers from the early 1880s. When they completely replace the streets and wire the neighborhood for high-tech employers, they find these stone streets, along with the city's original streetcar rails. Workers collect the stone to reuse on the sidewalks. Yes, they are replacing the streets, streetlights, and sidewalks and removing all of the utility poles.

Rendering for Bailey Power Plant Entertainment Center. Source

Bailey Power Plant
The central feature of the neighborhood's proposed entertainment district is this power plant. The Bailey Power Plant was built in 1880 by Mumford & Phillip Bailey. R.J. Reynolds purchased the power plant from the Bailey's company and upgraded it with the 1960s/70s metal structures. This metal is being removed (recycled) to restore the building to its 1949 appearance. The smokestacks will become a part of the art museum, science learning center and entertainment development, which will include bars, restaurants, and retail. The park is also a part of this same development, which explains its temporary name. Did you know: The money made from recycling the metal is actually enough to pay the demolition costs. It's also part of their never ending efforts to seek the highest LEED certification possible on everything.

The concrete wing of the power plant was built in 1926 as an addition to the 1880 building.

The concrete 1926 wing will become bars, restaurants, and retail.

Did you know: The research center for Camel City Solar is located in this neighborhood. These solar panels are flatter and can collect more energy, by capturing light at different angles.

Did you know: Baltimore developer Struever Bros. Eccles & Rouse was the first to become involved in renovating/restoring this neighborhood and created the vision for this entire development. The power plant was their main project, until the development company collapsed during the recession.

Did you know: This neighborhood is where Power Felt was invented. Power Felt is a thermoelectric device that converts body heat into an electrical current.

The Streetcars: Source: HDR Winston-Salem Streetcar Report

Streetcar Project:
In this downtown neighborhood, First, Second and Fourth streets, along with Research Boulevard, are part of a $258 million streetcar corridor through downtown. It is currently moving through the required steps to seek Federal financing. The city voted last year to spend $699,656 for HDR to conduct the Alternatives Analysis report. That step is almost finished and soon HDR will conduct an Environmental Impact report, the second of the three required steps to seek Federal funding. The streetcar will connect Wake Forest University Medical Center with biomedical research labs in this east downtown neighborhood. A city councilman is working to complete the first line by 2017.

Biotech Place was built in 1937 and won the 2012 Gold Reconstruction Award. The building is LEED Certified Silver.

Biotech Place:
The building above was built by the Libbey Owens Glass Company as an experiment in creating glass block buildings for manufacturing/warehousing. If it was successful, European-style glass block buildings had potential to become a big money maker for Libbey Owens and the Ford Motor Company. The blocks cracked during the cold winter of 1937-38, but a Winston-Salem engineer found a way to prevent the cracking. At least that is what history books say. When developer Wexford Science + Technology bought the building, many of the blocks were cracked. Since cracking was such a problem, Wexford found pallets of glass blocks from 1937 in the building's basement! This allowed them to restore the building to its original appearance.

The glass blocks I spoke of.

The glass blocks are designed with lights inside the wall and I've heard they can change colors at night.

Did you know: Wake Forest University ranks 5th in technology transfer revenue.

I think this is a retail space that will become a coffee shop?

Inmar Headquarters (under construction)
Inmar is the largest retail software company (e-commerce networks and cloud-based systems) and one of the largest software companies in North Carolina. They have 1,700 clients in the United States and Canada. In April 2012, they announced plans to relocate their headquarters and around 1,000 of their IT employees to this building. It is a rapidly growing company, with buildings across the city. So what was this building used for originally in the 1920s? This neighborhood is where the packaged cigarette was invented (Camels) in 1913 and this building is where they were made. Camel was R.J. Reynolds only cigarette brand at that time and Camels had a dominate market share (well over 50%) during a time when almost everyone smoked and smoke filled speakeasies with jazz music were a part of the roaring 20s young lifestyle. This product became a part of pop culture. Yes, this is the product on the famous Times Square smoking billboard of the 1940s too. I'd Walk a Mile for a Camel. From 1913-1950s, the city was known for this product and these factories were a major tourist attraction. By the 1980s, Reynolds closed all of these factories and moved production out of the city. Today, only 500 employees at the corporate headquarters (concrete box office building) remain. At one time, this company employed almost 16,000 people in Winston-Salem and most of them were downtown, with these factories running 24 hours a day.

Did you know: Inmar will spend around $125-150 million to renovate this half million square foot structure into their headquarters.

Inmar CIO Mark Wright was named one of Computerworld's Premier 100 IT Leaders list for 2013.

Inmar's new headquarters will reach completion in December 2013.

The glass blocks on this E-shaped building are being replaced with casement windows, since the glass blocks are not original. They were added to the building around the 1950s.

Carolina Liquid Chemistries Headquarters, built in 1959.

The building with this stairway (pictured below) has a conference center and a huge multi-storey atrium designed for large presentations with a massive video board. Employees sometimes use the huge video board to play video games. Vice President Joe Biden spoke in the atrium last summer.

Carolina Liquid Chemistries Headquarters, built in 1959.

Reflection of future Inmar Headquarters across the street.

Did you know: The bar scene from the movie Mr. Destiny was filmed one block from here in 1989.

The view from Inmar's future front door. Yes, like I said, this is where Camels were made decades ago.

Did you know: Winston-Salem has some of the most extreme anti-smoking restrictions in the nation. You can't even smoke in a bar in Winston-Salem.

More of Inmar's future headquarters.

In the late 1800s and into the early 1900s, Winston-Salem leaders visioned the city as a major center of steel production. There are still a few old steel mills around the city.

The hundreds of factory buildings in Winston-Salem led to an unusually large banking industry. Winston-Salem was the dominate banking center between Philadelphia and Dallas at one time. This is where Wachovia Bank was headquartered for over a century and it's where Southern National Bank was headquartered. And now BB&T Bank is the largest bank headquartered in Winston-Salem. They are among the top ten largest banks in the United States. Bank and insurance headquarters built the many office towers you see to the west. The tallest is a 34 storey domed building designed by Cesar Pelli for Wachovia's headquarters. I only took one photograph over there. I wanted to focus on the industrial district, which is rarely seen. You can see the skyscrapers in the background of some of these photographs though, like this one (above).

Downtown Winston-Salem has two elementary schools, a middle school, and several park spaces, to encourage young families to live downtown.

Did you know: Wake Forest University, Forsyth Tech, Salem College, Winston-Salem State University, and UNC-School of the Arts have classroom buildings planned for this neighborhood.

Broken Glass Blocks.

These pieces of broken glass blocks were everywhere, from the Inmar headquarters construction, so be careful if you visit during working hours on a weekday. Lauren collected them from the sidewalks to save and remember our visit.

So close to the office towers!

The beautiful art deco building was designed by the famous architectural firm Shreve, Lamb and Harmon. It won the 1929 AIA Building of the Year award, along with several other awards. It was the tallest in the state from 1928 until the glass box beside it took that title in 1965.

I told you we would see some of these skyscrapers in the background. This is the DOWNTOWN industrial district, so the skyscrapers are just a few blocks to the west of us. On these forums, Winston-Salem was selected as having the second best small city skyline.

Did you know: At one time Winston-Salem was one of the nation's top 25 industrial centers. Today, Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center employs more people than all of the factories in all four counties of Winston-Salem's metro area combined. It shows how much things have changed. Winston-Salem is finance, aerospace, high tech, and research. If you have an MBA or science degree, you can find a job here easily. If you work in a factory, you can see what is happening to the factories in this city. They are becoming labs, trendy tech offices, and apartments.

Can I use the bike racks or just the sidewalks?

Plant 64 Rendering. Source

Plant 64 Lofts:
Plant 64 Lofts is a mixed-use development by Washington D.C.,-based C.A. Harrison Companies LLC, with 243 apartments, retail spaces and 355 parking spaces on the basement level of the buildings. The development is expected to break ground in January or February 2013.

Future Plant 64 Lofts, built in 1916.

Did you know: Downtown is Winston-Salem's fastest growing neighborhood in both population and income. They can't build these expensive factory lofts fast enough to meet demand. And yes, the factory conversions are the most in-demand apartments and condos.

Plant 64 Lofts is a multi-building complex. The north building with the water tower is the oldest (1916).

Wells Fargo's Linden Center was originally a massive warehouse with high ceilings. This is an example of a complete reclad. One of the first industrial buildings converted to use as labs or tech space in the mid-1990s, an additional floor was added to this building during the renovation. This is a massive IT center for the bank.

Central District Construction Project:
Ranked among the nation's largest construction projects, several buildings were demolished in this area and businesses relocated. The project includes the restoration of the Bath Waterway, a street grid redesign, bike and pedestrian upgrades, two or three parks, an amphitheater, a pedestrian bridge, rerouting railroad tracks, the construction of a bicycle super highway and the removal of a highway bridge. This project will allow for new construction connected to the Armed Forces Institute for Regenerative Medicine.

The concrete wall was required by the North Carolina Department of Transportation to prevent the dirt under the highway from falling into the Bath Waterway, which is wide and deep in this area. Of North Carolina's big six major cities, Winston-Salem is the only one with a significant water feature downtown. As part of the LEED-ND certification, they are redesigning it to clean the water before it reaches the waterfall and flows into the Yadkin River. Workers should finish this project by summer 2013.

Winston-Salem's Downtown East Industrial District in 1894 Source: Winston-Salem / Forsyth County Public Library

Former site of the International Rail Port.

Did you know: Moravians would bottle the water from the Bath Waterway and sell it to tourists for claimed healing properties.

Norfolk & Western Railroad dated back to 1838 and was the last major railroad to convert from steam to diesel. N&W covered 14 states and Ontario, Canada.

This bridge was built in the summer of 1910. The older concrete wall that wraps around the original stone wall is stamped 1928 and a newer block wall between the bridge and the buildings is stamped 1944. The wall and any other work done at that time was likely important to our national infrastructure to receive funding and materials during WWII? Originally, the stone wall supported two railroad bridges in 1910. One of them was removed, likely in the 1990s.

The Brown Prizery:
Built in 1890, the Brown Prizery valued what was bought and sold at the Old Belt Exchange. The buildings were later purchased by Piedmont Leaf Company and used for the manufacture of tobacco products until their closing. The north building is the tallest Second Empire structure in North Carolina. Both buildings are condos with a few offices and parking on the lower floors. One of them actually has an art gallery called White Space. I've heard of several great shows there, but I've never been to White Space Gallery. And very little is open on Sunday.. There aren't many remaining Second Empire structures still standing in Winston-Salem, since the demolition of an apartment building on the other end of Fourth Street. This city once had several of them.

The restoration developer is actually headquartered in the building. They have worked on historic buildings in many states along the east coast. There are architects for research labs and restoration developers headquartered in this neighborhood. Often times in projects they worked on.

Winston Tower
The 30-storey Winston Tower (above) was North Carolina's tallest building from 1965 until sometime in the 1970s. The building was built by an insurance company, but was better known as the headquarters for Wachovia National Bank. The only bank in the southeast with over a billion dollars in assets at the time of construction. The skyscraper featured an observation deck and passed the art deco building beside it for tallest in the state. That was a time when the biggest banks and tallest buildings in North Carolina were in Winston-Salem. Winston Tower is North Carolina's best example of the International style and home to several technology companies today.

Condo residents in the red brick building park their cars on the first floor. It's secure. The door only opens for residents.

The view is the future Bailey Park and Bailey Power Plant Entertainment Project. You can see the power company's green boxes where the lines are buried, but they haven't removed the poles and power lines on this side of the park yet. Some of these poles are actually in the middle of the streetside parking spaces, so Duke Energy really should remove these as soon as possible.

The tall metal smokestacks (above) to the left are part of a new construction building, called the Mouse Lab. It's exactly what you think it is. Mouse testing in the research labs. They also have a primate center (opened in the 1960s), but it's hidden.

How safe is this bridge? Do residents and office workers still use it?

You can see (above) where the other railroad bridge once was.

East Second Street Tunnel in 1958 Source: Winston-Salem / Forsyth County Library

You can see the cobblestones (Belgian Block) streets. These are original from the 1880s.

Bicycle Super Highway:
The bridge is stamped 1916 and will become part of the bicycle super highway. A $4 million bike and walking path along former rail lines that will allow bicycle commuters to ride to work without stopping at traffic signals. Cyclists using it "don't" have to ride with traffic at all on the trip from the city's southern neighborhoods. Construction begins next year. It will be landscaped, similar to the High Line. It was inspired by projects in Manhattan, Detroit, Hong Kong, Paris, and London. Winston-Salem's bicycle community is organized and seems somewhat powerful in seeking projects like this.

Nissen Castle:
Nissen Castle was part of Nissen Wagon Works. The largest manufacturer of wagons in the United States at that time. Two thirds of all wagons used during the Great Western Migration were made by Nissen in Winston-Salem. The basement had large metal furnaces and this was a sight to see in the 1800s. The building is now condos and offices for Black Horse Studio. Circle your wagons, as we explore Nissen Castle.

Black Horse Studio is the office tenant of Nissen Castle.

Did you know: Nissen Castle was first restored in 1983.

As the automobile become more popular, Nissen made their own line of luxury cars, however they never really became popular. Nissen Wagon Works closed in 1948. In addition to the castle and massive manufacturing complex in the city's Waughtown neighborhood, they also built a 20-storey skyscraper on Winston-Salem's skyline that was once the state's tallest.

The historic office building near the center of the photograph above is North Carolina's oldest steel frame skyscraper. It was the former headquarters of Wachovia National Bank. The 100+ year old building on the far left was once a factory building, but was reclad and converted to a parking structure for the Forsyth County Government Center.

The Armour Meat Packing Plant / The Werehouse Artist Collective:
In the early 1990s, a group of artists occupied the building and created an artist collective. In 1996, they officially purchased the vacant meat packing plant. The building was named The Werehouse and took other names, such as PS-211 (Project Space 211). They operate a music hall, coffee shop, a bakery, Electric Moustache Gallery, a recording studio, and the top floors are their shared living and creating space. It is one of the few collectives of its kind in the United States.

Did you know: Over 200 lbs of coffee is roasted every week in this facility.

Plans to revitalize this neighborhood as a high-tech/research center date back to 1985.

Did you know: The first building constructed in this neighborhood for labs/research use was built in 1957.

Did you know: One of Winston-Salem's worst fires was in this neighborhood in September 1998, when several buildings being converted to research labs and condos caught fire. The industrial buildings dated back to the 1800s.

Hanes and the T-Shirt:
These are the Hanes Factories. Yes, like the underwear and t-shirts. The company's founder invented two-piece underwear and launched one of the best known brands in the United States. The t-shirt was really good to Winston-Salem, allowing Hanes to build everything from parks to an art gallery, all funded by t-shirt money. He also built a massive 27,000 square foot Tudor-revival house with a hunting lodge (to show his hunting trophies from travels around the world) in the city's upscale Reynolda Park District. Not as big as the 60,000 and 75,000 square foot homes in the neighborhood, but still very big. Hanes is still headquartered in Winston-Salem, as Hanes Brands. Though the clothing is made elsewhere. All of Hanes old downtown factories are now luxury apartments, called Winston Factory Lofts and The Gallery Luxury Lofts.

The development has a dog park on the Seventh Street side.

Winston Factory Lofts Dog Park

The building on the right, with diamond-shaped windows, is both the home and workshop where Jon Kuhn makes his world famous glass art. Yes, he did the renovation.

Jon Kuhn is the world's leading glass artist. He has a team of artists in that warehouse that make the glass art creations you see in your favorite gallery or building lobby.

Did you know: The building on the left (photograph above) once sold cars imported from France.

Did you know: The tallest downtown car dealer building in Winston-Salem was a 7-8 storey Chevrolet & Paige dealership, built in 1918. A large freight elevator would move the cars from floor-to-floor.

Did you know: Winston-Salem had a massive Distillery on Liberty Street. The company was an agent for Pabst Blue Ribbon Beer over 100+ years ago.

Did you know: The tallest factory in the industrial district was 12-storeys.

The former car dealership, now an auto parts warehouse. One of the few buildings not used for artist studios, tech offices, labs or residences.

Old buildings in Winston-Salem are extremely valuable to residential developers, since factory lofts and apartments in former office buildings are in high demand in Winston-Salem. They can and will convert anything old to condos/apartments. If the owner placed this building on the market, I'm guessing no less than seven developers would bid on it. Most of the residential developers fighting for these old buildings are from out-of-state.

Did you know: The Hanes Building building (above & below) once had a twin connected to it, but it was demolished in the 1970s.

Did you know: The ground floors and/or basement floors are all used for parking in the Hanes Complex apartment/condo buildings. You can see the cars through the ground-level windows.

This is where web company Snap Crowd is headquartered.

Be careful walking along these tracks. It can be dangerous.

Did you know: The rail line between these buildings is a proposed commuter rail corridor. The regional transit authority had to stop developers of research buildings (see massive construction site earlier in the thread) from removing all of these rail lines.

Left: The Gallery Lofts & Art Gallery - Right: Winston Factory Lofts Phase II - Two different developers, but both are former Hanes Buildings.

The transformation that has taken place in this neighborhood over the past 5-7 years is amazing.

This park was constructed in an area where old industrial buildings were demolished in the 1980s.

Foundation walls from those old buildings preserved in the park.

Former Hanes Textile Buildings.

I tried to photograph this sculpture on my last visit, but my camera batteries were all drained. This is outside the industrial district, in the area where the skyscrapers are, but I wanted to include it, since I couldn't last time. This is at Civic Plaza Park (on Fourth Street), if you're interested in seeing it.

I'm stopping for some fish, while I'm there. This is something I can't find in Georgia.

At The Movies:
I found this old drive-in movie theatre and had to include it in this tour!

Until Next Time:

I love this ballpark and the city's interesting terrain.

Did you know: 360 Architecture's BB&T Ballpark was 2010 Ballpark of the Year.
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Old Posted Dec 18, 2012, 4:38 AM
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1920 Bath Industrial District Skyline in Winston-Salem Source: WS/FC North Carolina Room

I tried my best to clean-up this image.

How many structures from the photographs posted can you find in this 1920 image? Plant 64 Lofts is above the gasworks towers on the far right.
Piedmont Leaf Lofts also seems easy to find. Don't forget to look for the steam engine (train) near the bridge. This is one of the few historic
photographs I've seen with Winston-Salem's Custom House in it, though you can only see the top two floors of it. This photograph was missing
the middle, where it says "Winston-Salem 1920." Everything from early air conditioners to whiskey was made in this area.
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Old Posted Dec 18, 2012, 4:39 AM
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Bonus: Moravian Cookies
If you've seen one of my Winston-Salem photography threads before, you know the importance of Moravian bakeries in Winston-Salem. They have several of them around the city. I would recommend buying anything at any of the bakeries. My favorite bakery is Winkler Bakery, which uses the same 213 year-old oven built by the bakery's original owner. The building is also that old. It's about six or seven blocks south of the domed skyscraper. It was closed on my visit, so I visited my second favorite. Dewey's.

Dewey's is located near Five Points.

You want to look for Trader Joe's.

Dewey's is about three spaces south of Trader Joe's.

So what is in Dewey's?

I love Moravian Sugar Cake with coffee. And one of Winston-Salem's city symbols is a tall coffee pot (it was once the world's tallest) in lower downtown that is 155 years old. The coffee pot is said to be a symbol of the city's friendship.

Thank you for going on this adventure with me. I hope you had fun. I know the forum loves industrial buildings.
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Old Posted Dec 18, 2012, 5:08 AM
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Looks like good stuff happening.

PS, the LEED part means it has some focus on sustainability, but the bar is pretty low. LEED at the Certified or Silver level is often just the same project but they did the paperwork to get the certificate. Gold is good and Platinum is impressive. From there you have to go higher still to get into the real leading edge stuff.

But adaptive reuse, cool old buildings, a mix of housing, office, institutional, and retail uses, and doing it in the center of town...that's sustainable regardless.
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Old Posted Dec 18, 2012, 6:18 AM
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That is interesting. I didn't know there wasn't much difference on the lower certifications. The residential developers really don't care about LEED, however the developers working on the tech offices, labs, parks, and research institutes brag about their projects being LEED certified and they seek it for everything; claiming this neighborhood will become a showcase for environmental responsibility.
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Old Posted Dec 18, 2012, 9:37 AM
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I love it when smaller cities have tons of this kind of development. Great work.
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Old Posted Dec 18, 2012, 5:58 PM
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Good job! I love that your tours are always so informative.

I honestly did not realize the building on the left was that large. From Main Street, it looks like a small 2-story building.

Is that the site for the Arts Based Elementary School expansion on the right?
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Old Posted Dec 20, 2012, 2:10 AM
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Thank you everyone for the replies.

It was just announced this week: The Veterinary Bioscience Institute headquarters relocated from Philadelphia to this downtown Winston-Salem neighborhood, on East Third Street. They are now headquartered in the mouse lab I posted above.

I love how unusually rough the terrain is in Winston-Salem. It's not uncommon for buildings to rise 1-3 floors higher on one side than the other.

You're right about that warehouse. The Tarheel Textiles Warehouse is the elementary school's expansion building. It's directly behind the school and shows how great Winston Factory Lofts and the Gallery Lofts are for young families. These residential buildings are across the street from the school!
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Old Posted Dec 20, 2012, 4:05 AM
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Cool tour. Great old industrial architecture. Been there a couple times, but only for quick stops. Thanks for all the info.
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Old Posted Dec 20, 2012, 9:09 AM
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Another great Winston-Salem showcase! Winston really deserves more love than it gets.
"To sustain the life of a large, modern city in this cloying, clinging heat is an amazing achievement. It is no wonder that the white men and women in Greenville walk with a slow, dragging pride, as if they had taken up a challenge and intended to defy it without end." -- Rebecca West for The New Yorker, 1947
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Old Posted Dec 24, 2012, 7:21 AM
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It's a beautiful historic city and one of the first four cities in the nation to start the historic district and restoration movement. I usually only visit once or twice a year. It's so far away from me, but usually worth a trip there when I'm in North Carolina, due to the historic architecture. I was searching for something and discovered Winston-Salem has the most registered national historic landmarks in the nation. These registered landmarks are recognized by the United States government as being of national-level historical significance. They are spread-out across the city, but you'll find a good collection of them are a few blocks south of the city's tallest building in one of the few National Landmark Districts in the nation (This city actually preserved its original downtown from the mid-1700s). If you like old buildings and historic neighborhoods, this is an interesting city to visit.

Thank you everyone for the replies.
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Old Posted Dec 24, 2012, 7:00 PM
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Awesome area! Never heard of it though. It's great to see an area go all high tech like that.
Check out the latest developments in Pittsburgh:
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Old Posted Dec 24, 2012, 7:20 PM
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awesome tour of what looks like an awesome hood. classic star wars figures!!!

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Old Posted Dec 28, 2012, 2:23 AM
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Thank you for the replies.

The neighborhood is currently under the leadership of Eric Tomlinson PhD. It appears as if the art gallery in the power plant was his idea. Eric was the worldwide head of advanced drug delivery research at Ciba-Geigy Pharmaceuticals in the United Kingdom and now he is in Winston-Salem, living in the Gallery Lofts. You can see the direction the east side of downtown is moving-in (pharmaceutical and tech companies) and the reason so many UK inspired proposals are appearing in the neighborhood during the past year. The Tate Modern inspired idea in the power plant and the Bicycle Superhighway are good examples. He will soon announce a new name for the neighborhood and an effort to make that name well-known. It will likely have something to do with innovation? He seemed to stress that.

This is the Bath Waterway (photograph below). Lauren was 100% against crossing the construction line taped-off area or the barricades to reach the waterway, so I didn't go over there, but someone has posted the Bath Waterway with the Armed Forces Institute for Regenerative Medicine construction site around it at Winston-Salem's forum. Thank you to rmhpmi for this image. Compare the size of the waterway to the size of the construction vehicles. They have to grade the land around it level. It was extremely rough terrain before.

Originally Posted by rmhpmi
Many years ago, this was the area where trucks would load and unload at the port, with long buildings containing walls of docks lining it. Sometime in the late 1960s/early 70s, Greyhound bought much of the land you see above for a major bus hub and used the highway ramp serving the port. You can see this hub over Winston-Salem in old Greyhound maps. All of that was demolished so they could construct research labs. On the other side of the ridge with the highway in the background, you'll find an old graveyard (stones dating back to the mid-1700s) and construction on the shared research campus for Salem College, UNCSA, and Winston-Salem State University. Salem College is expected to double in size.
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Old Posted Dec 28, 2012, 7:28 AM
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Thanks for the tour of this interesting and somewhat alienating place.
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Old Posted Jan 1, 2013, 8:05 PM
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Thank you for the reply and Happy New Year.

It still looks industrial and separate from downtown/other surrounding neighborhoods, but we can see the $3 billion in changes happening to make it a part of downtown. At some point in the very near future this neighborhood won't be so alienating. I do think some people like the neighborhood a little rough and industrial (it's what makes it "the" new trendy neighborhood) and they may see these changes differently. If you haven't seen this neighborhood in the past five years, it's difficult to recognize it today. (Heavy Gentrification)

Congratulations to Biotech Place
Biotech Place (1937) made the National Trust for Historic Preservation's Top-10 list of Preservation Wins in 2012. "Opened this year, this development enhances Winston-Salem’s rich history and architectural heritage," the trust for preservation said.
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Old Posted Nov 11, 2014, 1:34 PM
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How far along is Winston Salem on the street car line?
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Old Posted Nov 11, 2014, 6:06 PM
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Nice pictures. It's always cool to see old industrial neighborhoods.
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