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  #541  
Old Posted Jul 27, 2010, 5:36 AM
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Empire State Building: Can the tallest be the greenest?
$13m refit aims to cut building's energy use by 40% and save emissions equal to 20,000 cars
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Ed Pilkington in New York
guardian.co.uk, Monday 26 July 2010 21.41 BST
Article history

All 6,514 windows in New York’s tallest building will be replaced, and tenants will be advised on how to save electricity. Photograph: Jean-Pierre Lescourret/Corbis
When the Empire State Building was opened on 1 May 1931, having been designed in two weeks and built in an astonishing 15 months, it instantly became a symbol of human fortitude in the face of the Great Depression.

Now its current owners are attempting to reinvent it for the modern era by turning it into a green building symbolising human ingenuity in the face of inertia.

Its owners today unveiled new, environmentally friendly plans for the art deco building that stands on Manhattan's 34th Street and Fifth Avenue. By the end of this year, most of the work will have been completed in a $13m (£8.4m) investment designed to improve its energy efficiency, with the larger aim of providing a model that could spread across America and around the world.

For more than four decades, the Empire State had the distinction of being the tallest building in the world, a title it lost to the World Trade Centre in 1972. After the twin towers were destroyed in the 9/11 attacks, it once again became the city's tallest building, at 1,454 ft (443 metres) to the tip of its lightning rod.

But by 2006, when it was bought by Malkin Holdings, it had fallen into disrepair, a pale reflection of its former glory. Its 102 storeys were occupied largely by small businesses paying low rents, and the overall structure had a hangdog feel.

"When we took control of it, the place needed to be fixed. It was broken," Anthony Malkin, president of Malkin Holdings, told the Guardian.

Now the company is in the midst of a $550m renovation designed to put the building back on the map, part of which is the environmental project.

"We're doing this [making the Empire State greener] not because it's the right thing to do, but because it makes business sense. If we don't reduce our energy consumption, we will lose money and be less competitive against China, India, Brazil and the other expanding economies," Malkin said.

The makeover is expected to cut the building's energy use by almost 40%, reducing bills by more than $4m and paying back the cost of the refit in three years. That's a figure that is relevant not just to the Empire State but to the whole of New York city and other large metropolises like it.

Almost 80% of New York's energy consumption is through its buildings, mainly in the larger of the leaky older structures. Though politicians have tended to focus on energy consumption by individuals and tried to persuade families to cut their energy use at home, Malkin said the renovation of the Empire State Building would achieve savings in carbon emissions on a similar scale to comparable moves by 40,000 households.

The Empire State's retrofit will cut its carbon footprint by more than 100,000 metric tonnes over the next 15 years, the equivalent of taking 20,000 cars off the road. If that record were replicated by just a fifth of the largest buildings in America, it would save 2.3bn metric tonnes of carbon emissions, equivalent to the amount of greenhouse gas pollution produced by the whole of Russia each year.

At its most simple, the retrofit involves stripping out each of the Empire State's 6,514 windows and renovating them with an insulating film and a mixture of inert gases to make them four times more efficient at retaining heat or coolness.

At the high-tech end, the largest wireless network ever to be applied to a single building has been set up across the Empire State that allows valves and vents to be monitored and centrally controlled. Four central chillers have been replaced and smart air circulation systems have also been put in as a low-energy means of heating the building in winter and cooling it in summer.

Paul Rode of Johnson Controls, an energy management company that is leading the project, said the greatest energy savings have involved persuading the 300 tenants to use their spaces more effectively. As the occupants of the second largest office complex in America, after the Pentagon, much of the onus for change falls on them.

Each company renting space in the Empire State now has access to a website that records minute by minute how much they are spending on energy and compares it with other tenants in the building as well as to competitors in their industries externally.

Having revealed to the tenants their own consumption, the website then advises them what they can do to cut their bills by making basic changes, such as moving desks towards the centre of the building to release daylight into the space, switching lights off at night, or cutting back on air conditioning.

"We're showing what's possible without even installing a single solar panel, or a wind turbine or a geothermal unit, and you don't need additional grid capacity or any new power plants," Malkin said.

"This is low-hanging fruit that can be plucked easily and we should be getting on with it as quickly as possible."

A giant's highs and lows

• Constructed during the depression in 1930, the 102-storey tower was made from 60,000 tonnes of steel, and has 6,500 windows.

• In 1945 an Army Air Corps B-25 twin-engine bomber crashed into the 79th floor of the building in dense fog, killing 14 people.

• The building's mast (now the base of the TV tower) was originally designed as a mooring mast for airships, pictured. Because of several unsuccessful attempts and volatile wind conditions at 1,350ft, the idea was abandoned.

• The Observatory on the 86th floor opened in 1931 and was immortalised in An Affair to Remember (1957) starring Cary Grant and Deborah Kerr and then as the meeting point for Meg Ryan and Tom Hanks in Sleepless in Seattle (1993)

• The building is struck by lightning about 100 times a year. It acts as a lightning rod for the surrounding area

Source: Empire State Building Company
http://www.guardian.co.uk/environmen...ng-green-refit
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  #542  
Old Posted Jul 27, 2010, 4:00 PM
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  #543  
Old Posted Jul 27, 2010, 4:02 PM
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if there gonna remove all the windows do you think its possible for them to throw one my way if i ask for one?
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  #544  
Old Posted Jul 28, 2010, 5:59 PM
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^ Who knows...


http://online.wsj.com/article/SB1000...NewsCollection

Quote:
Architect Ronnette Riley has 3,500 miniatures displayed through her office on the 74th floor of the Empire State Building. David Weingarten, a principal at ACE Architects in Oakland, Calif., uses his office to store what may be the world's largest collection—4,500 strong.

The rarity of a replica building, the quality of the reproduction and its condition are the biggest factors determining the price on eBay or in catalogs. An Empire State Building could go for between $5 and $4,000.

Mr. Gelbtuch's wife, Vicky, discovered the extent of his habit when miniatures started showing up in his home office in the 1990s, then multiplied into every available shelf space. "I started to realize these were not just a few buildings," she says. "This was a major collection!"

Now, Mr. Gelbtuch's museum holds hundreds of buildings on lighted shelves and in white display cases. A visit here is a tour through New York real-estate history. Walking around the room, Mr. Gelbtuch points out buildings that double as cigar lighters, others that serve as paperweights or ashtrays, still more with built-in inkwells and clocks.

He owns early replica skyscrapers from all over midtown Manhattan, including the 1 Times Square building, which holds the ball that drops at midnight on Jan. 1 each year. He has a 3.5 inch replica of the RCA building at Rockefeller Center (now called the GE Building) that was carved out of soap in the 1950s.

"I have a bias toward New York City," says Mr. Gelbtuch, who grew up in the Bronx. He's lending some of his buildings from the 1939 New York World's Fair to the National Building Museum in Washington this summer.
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  #545  
Old Posted Aug 16, 2010, 8:09 PM
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  #546  
Old Posted Aug 16, 2010, 8:25 PM
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i asked the publics relations office for a window and they told me no because they were gonna refurbish the ones already on the ESB.....
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  #547  
Old Posted Aug 17, 2010, 1:54 PM
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Originally Posted by SkyscrapersOfNewYork View Post
i asked the publics relations office for a window and they told me no because they were gonna refurbish the ones already on the ESB.....
Well, there are ways...if the money is just right....
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  #548  
Old Posted Aug 17, 2010, 2:05 PM
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Well, there are ways...if the money is just right....
hmmm 1000$-3000$ sound good?
last week
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  #549  
Old Posted Aug 17, 2010, 11:43 PM
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Originally Posted by uaarkson View Post
Does anyone else think the ESB actually looks better with the antenna?
I do think it looks better with the antenna but I think they should clean it up a bit and make the antenna look a little cleaner like trump towers antenna because right now it looks like a hot mess up there and it's kind of an eye sour .
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  #550  
Old Posted Aug 23, 2010, 5:04 AM
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Lightbulb

I think that would interfere with the broadcasting signal from several media outlets. Guess cleaners would have to wait till 1 WTC is complete.

Quote:
Originally Posted by The North One View Post
I do think it looks better with the antenna but I think they should clean it up a bit and make the antenna look a little cleaner like trump towers antenna because right now it looks like a hot mess up there and it's kind of an eye sour .
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  #551  
Old Posted Aug 24, 2010, 4:18 PM
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Originally Posted by winlinmac001 View Post
I think that would interfere with the broadcasting signal from several media outlets. Guess cleaners would have to wait till 1 WTC is complete.
The ESB antenna will remain in use.


http://www.crainsnewyork.com/article...TATE/100829916

500K-square-foot lease at Empire State
Hong Kong-based Li & Fung close to signing on at Manhattan’s tallest tower in what would be the largest lease of 2010 to date;
15-year lease at $45 per square foot eyed.



By Theresa Agovino
August 24, 2010


Quote:
Li & Fung reached a deal to lease 500,000 square feet in the Empire State Building, in what would be the largest transaction of the year to date.

A lease hasn’t been signed, sources say, but the company plans to move into the landmarked building, which is owned by W&H Properties. Li & Fung already leases more than 300,000 square feet at two other buildings owned by W&H. What isn’t clear is whether Li & Fung would be moving out of those two buildings—1333 Broadway and 1359 Broadway—to consolidate at the Empire State Building, or of it was taking additional space.

Hong Kong-based Li & Fung is major force in retailing and apparel; the company provides supply-chain management services for brands and chain stores worldwide that include Target Corp. and Wal-Mart Stores Inc. Li & Fung has been on a major growth tear in recent years. Earlier this year, the firm expanded its relationship with Wal-Mart in a transaction that could have the U.S. retailer buying $2 billion worth of goods from Li & Fung during the first year.

Sources say the Empire deal would be for 15 years. Rent would average about $45 a square foot.

Both W& H Properties President Tony Malkin and Mitch Konsker, a Cushman & Wakefield Inc. vice chairman representing Li & Fung, declined to comment.

If the deal is completed, it would mark a crowning achievement for W&H, which has been spending millions of dollars to upgrade the Empire State Building and attract larger tenants.

The building, however, is at risk of losing its prominence in the New York skyline. Mr. Malkin has been fighting efforts that would allow Vornado Realty Trust to build a large office tower two blocks west of the Empire State Building because its size would alter the skyline. Mr. Malkin wants the height of Vornado’s building reduced. The City Council is slated to vote on Vornado’s proposed tower on Wednesday.

________________________________________


http://www.nytimes.com/cwire/2010/08...con-52142.html

How to Get Prompt Payback From an Aging Icon That Guzzles Energy

By DARIUS DIXON
August 24, 2010

Quote:
Most Manhattan office buildings are designed for paper pushers, but there is a new factory running at the end of a long dim corridor on the fifth floor of the Empire State Building. Here machines are whirring, a furnace is roaring, and dozens of blue-collar workers are bustling about.

They are setting up to dismantle the building's 6,514 double-hung window frames, to reuse the glass and make them anew. It is part of one of the nation's most ambitious and symbolic energy-efficiency programs: a $20 million effort to cut the skyscraper's overall energy use by 38 percent.

Along the way, its planners hope to reduce the 79-year-old building's carbon footprint and shrink its $11 million annual utility bill. But the most ambitious part of their scheme calls for the suite of upgrades to pay for itself in just three years.

The "factory" is the outgrowth of a conversation in 2007 between Anthony Malkin, president of the New York real estate firm Malkin Holdings LLC, and Jamie Russell, who was then the director of the William J. Clinton Foundation's climate initiative. Malkin's company owns a collection of buildings across the bustling business sector of midtown Manhattan. Russell was looking for one for the foundation's new energy efficiency building retrofit program. The idea was to showcase economically feasible ways to reduce the energy use of existing buildings around the world.

Malkin suggested an older building already undergoing a $1.25 billion renovation. But Russell was thinking much bigger. He wanted a building that had been in Malkin's portfolio for less than a year, all 102 stories of it. "We knew that a building like the Empire State Building has global impact," said Arah Schuur, director of the Clinton Foundation's building retrofit program.

Before working out a plan with Malkin in early 2008, the foundation had already started several other retrofit partnerships around the world. What it needed was the publicity that was sure to come from the iconic New York landmark because the foundation had picked one of the more intractable problems in the struggle to save energy.

The energy consumed by residential and commercial buildings in the United States represents nearly 40 percent of the country's energy use and overall carbon dioxide emissions, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. In New York City, where there are about a million buildings, the issue is particularly acute.

'Improving the largest users first'

According to New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg's environmental program, PlaNYC 2030, more than 75 percent of the city's total energy consumption goes into heating and electrifying its buildings. However, New York is a city not only of buildings, but also of large buildings.

Only 2 percent of the buildings in the city -- about 22,000 -- are larger than 50,000 square feet, yet this more spacious variety consumes 45 percent of the city's total energy. Giving a sense of urgency, the plan says the focus must be on "improving the largest users first."

...PlaNYC also estimates that the vast majority of the buildings that currently make up New York City will still be standing in 25 years -- roughly 85 percent of them. New "green" construction cannot meaningfully address the issue of greenhouse gas emissions without addressing existing building stock.

..The window upgrades will both increase the building's heat retention in the winter and, through the use of a suspended film between each pane of glass, reflect heat in the summer without reducing the amount of visible light. This portion of the upgrade, however, only represents about 13 percent of the project's reduction.

Other improvements to the building include radiator insulation to prevent heat from escaping the building and an upgrade of the chiller system that runs the air conditioning. Five of the eight projects will be completed by the end of the year, representing more than 60 percent of the planned savings. However, none of the upgrades sounds particularly remarkable on its own. In fact, the "most high-tech things" in the building, Malkin said, were the wireless thermostats that improve temperature management.
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  #552  
Old Posted Aug 24, 2010, 10:41 PM
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A Fight on New York’s Skyline

Might as well post this here too:

The New York Times
A Fight on New York’s Skyline
By CHARLES V. BAGLI
Published: August 23, 2010



http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/24/ny...pire.html?_r=1


http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/24/ny...pire.html?_r=1

To hear the two sides in the skyscraper war tell it, never has so much been at stake.

The owners of the Empire State Building and their supporters say their tower’s international status and New York City’s skyline are in mortal danger of an assault from a “monstrosity.”

Their rival: a proposed tower on 34th Street two avenues to the west that, according to its developers, will help the city grow and prosper, provide thousands of jobs and improve the quality of life for tens of thousands of New Yorkers.

What irks the former is that the latter would rise to be 1,216 feet, almost as tall as the Empire State Building, and would be just 900 feet away, a little too close for a building that has stood apart in the skyline for its entire 79-year life.

“The question here is: How close is too close to one of New York’s iconic landmarks,” Councilman Daniel R. Garodnick said Monday, after a hearing in which the owners of both properties made their cases, in advance of a City Council vote on Wednesday.

“Is this going to swallow up the Empire State Building,” Mr. Garodnick asked, “or are we just talking about another big building a couple of avenues away?”

The owners of the Empire State Building, Anthony E. and Peter L. Malkin, even want a 17-block no-go zone surrounding their 1,250-foot tall tower. This would prevent Vornado Realty Trust, which wants to erect the new building on Seventh Avenue, or any other developer, from putting up a similarly oversize building in the zone.....

Read full article at http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/24/ny...pire.html?_r=1
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  #553  
Old Posted Aug 25, 2010, 5:40 PM
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Malkin made the ESB look bipolar....
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  #554  
Old Posted Sep 1, 2010, 4:23 PM
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  #555  
Old Posted Sep 1, 2010, 7:00 PM
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if only the mast was ever used...
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  #556  
Old Posted Sep 1, 2010, 9:03 PM
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^it was. At least once.
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Old Posted Sep 1, 2010, 9:11 PM
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Old Posted Sep 3, 2010, 1:24 AM
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I don't imagine that 1000's of pounds of highly flammable hydrogen gas right next to the world's tallest building is such a great idea.
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"If you can convince the lowest white man he's better than the best colored man, he won't notice you're picking his pocket. Hell, give him somebody to look down on, and he'll empty his pockets for you." -President Lyndon B. Johnson
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  #559  
Old Posted Sep 3, 2010, 2:57 PM
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“Office buildings are our factories – whether for tech, creative or traditional industries we must continue to grow our modern factories to create new jobs,” said United States Senator Chuck Schumer.
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  #560  
Old Posted Sep 4, 2010, 3:36 PM
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I don't imagine that 1000's of pounds of highly flammable hydrogen gas right next to the world's tallest building is such a great idea.
Once reason why hydrogen powered airships are no longer in use.
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