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Old Posted Jan 7, 2014, 12:10 AM
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A Historical Overview Of The City of Jakarta

JAKARTA is getting cramped -- It was first named JACATRA

Below is an old school map overlapped on a map of recent developments of the city's already crowded.
The name of the town is changing and evolving. That said, a sea-port is the beginning of the town, the port is called Sunda Kalapa (397-1527).
Later renamed Jayakarta in the 16th century (1527-1619). Dutch colonialism started using the name Batavia (1619-1942),
and finally turned into Djakarta (1942-1972) and then with the new spelling became Jakarta until now.
Get a map before the colonial era is difficult. Mapping may not be known by the ruler of Sunda Kelapa.
Even when his name was still Jayakarta no map to be found.

Dutch colonization era (1916-1942)

Initially, this will be crowded settlements, is a seaport called Sunda Kelapa. When the Dutch came, they made a shelter chateaus is like a fortress.
History of Jakarta is more complete, can be asked to Wikipedia (
The oldest maps found in the wilds of cyberspace is a map which is dated to the seventeenth century (1619). This map was obtained at Leiden University website.
Most ancient maps is of course stored in the Leiden Netherland.

Quote : Old Batavia
In 1619 the Dutch created a fortification and trade post at the site of a quite important port town of the princedom Pajajaran, Sunda Kelapa, which had fallen in the hands of Banten and was called Jacatra.
This settlement of Batavia was based on the complete elimination of the indigenous element by the destruction of the Dalem and mosque of Jacatra.
The founding of Batavia might be considered the beginning of the colonial era in Indonesia

The next map obtained was made in 1653. Perhaps this is a grand design to expand the town, into a big city of Batavia at that time.
It may be a design that says the number of city dwellers, a maximum of one million was based on this very early design.

In the next map of 1705, written Plan De Batavia. It looks like a very early design map for the development of the city of Batavia. (do read the direction of the north to the right).
This map shows certain places, look by clicking In this image on the right. The Netherlands is already advanced in mapping technique, since time immemorial.
Even many Indonesian maps (including geologic map) derived from the work of the Dutch colonial.

While the next map below is said to map the early years of the eighteenth century (1744). Of course it is a map of the colonial era.
Seen the inside of a chatteu, or a sizable residential complex. Maybe once a luxury residential complex.
Try to observe, In this complex area or through a stream.
Yes, a river, meaning the river is managed and created as part of the the town (chatteu) Batavia.

In the design shown on the next map is very similar shape as a fortress, rather than just the location of habitation (settlement).
See how the flow pattern of the river that has been modified. Water is used as part of the defense (moat).
Similar to the construction of a new kingdom or conquest footprint.
So it was appropriate that the early years In this design shows the early days of colonization.

It is not easy to get maps of early Batavia (Jakarta proto ) in early nineteenth century, in this virtual wilderness.
Successful found only map dated end of the nineteenth century, the 1897. (Map on the left).
This map shows the early Jakarta, (..ouch! Batavia) that has very much evolved.
Look at the presence of the transport links both road and train tracks.

Batavia turned into a multi-functional town, and became a major city in the early twentieth century (1920).
Let's look at the development of the town. Settlements (red color) has spread in all directions.
Chatteu Center Batavia (which later became Jakarta) is no longer visible.
(See the map below)

Era of Japanese rule (1942-1945).
Japan colonized Indonesia in just 3 years. The maps in this circa Must to Go Historical difficult to find, according to existing records dated 1935. (see the map above)
At the time of world war, of course, the map is very important, but I did not find it. As I recall, there first map published by the U.S. Army,
which is often used as a base map in the geological mapping of an area.
The red color in the map indicates the location of residential housing where visible progress towards the south.
Also the new harbor of Tanjung Priok has developed into a much larger seaport than Sunda Kelapa.
Although not (yet) found a map in this short period, but this period is very important because since 1942, Batavia was renamed Jakarta.
That when beheld on the map before 1619 this area was previously called Jacrata!

Port of Sunda Kelapa also known as Fishing port (Pasar Ikan)

Pasar Ikan at present

Tandjong Priok (Port of Tanjung Priuk)


Tanjung Priuk at present

Aerial view of Jakarta from Jakarta Bay